Embracing changes in skin as it matures is at best a surprising odyssey. Hormone fluctuations, years of sun exposure, and genetics can trigger certain conditions—in particular, hyperpigmentation.
More common in women and especially women within the expansive range of darker skin tones, hyperpigmentation is a vexing issue that may improve over time. Accepting that patience needs to be top of mind, following are tips and insights that may help to heal the skin.
Skin inhibiting ingredients that hinder pigment production is key. They include: prescription Azelaic acid 15% - 20%; Arbutin; Licorice root; Kojic acid; Vitamin C.
Schedule an appointment with a Dermatologist.
A gentle face cleanser with lukewarm water day and night.
The day routine post-wash includes: a Vitamin C serum, follow with a gentle moisturizer, an under eye moisturizer, wrap up the process with a mineral sunscreen— the ingredient zinc oxide provides complete coverage and it is believed to be a better sun blocker than a chemical sunscreen.
Be sure to apply sunscreen at numerous intervals throughout the day whether indoors or outdoors.
The evening routine post-wash includes a variety of alternating treatments per night:.
A serum application like niacinamide (no more than 5%) or arbutin, followed by a moisturizer rich in peptides and fatty acids (label read: linoleic acid, safflower oil, sunflower oil, oleic acid, stearic acid, Vitamin F, hemp oil, palmitic acid), and under eye moisturizer.
Vitamin A (prescription or a quality Retinol or Retinal), follow with a moisturizer rich in peptides and fatty acids, complete with a facial oil, and under eye moisturizer.
Arbutin applied to the melasma area(s), follow with a moisturizer rich in peptides and fatty acids, complete with a facial oil, and under eye moisturizer.
Azelaic acid applied to the melasma area(s), follow with a moisturizer rich in peptides and fatty acids. complete with a facial oil, and under eye moisturizer.
As for an AHA, BHA, Polyhydroxy acid (PHA), or other chemical peels, each type is helpful for exfoliation and skin turnover. Part of an evening routine, it is recommended to be applied once a week to twice a month as a substitute, and not to be combined with Vitamin A, Azelaic acid, Kojic acid, or any of the other skin ingredient inhibitors.
Refrain from steaming the face, using the steam room, sauna, and avoid any other type of heat exposure.
Wear a hat to avoid sun exposure.
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